When you install Active Directory on your network, it becomes the main database CompTIA Network+ certification for finding resources in your organization. The resources in your network are represented by Active Directory objects. You should be familiar with the common Active Directory objects listed in Table 9-1.
The information that allows a user to log on to Microsoft Windows Server 2003, such as user logon name.
The information about a person who has a connection to the organization.
A collection of user accounts, computers, or other groups that you can create and use to simplify administration.
A pointer to a shared folder on a computer. A pointer contains the address of certain data, rather than the data itself. When you publish a shared folder or printer in Active Directory, you are creating an object that contains a pointer to the shared folder or printer.
A pointer to a printer on a computer. Windows Server 2003 automatically adds printers that you create on domain computers to Active Directory. A printer on a computer that is not in Active Directory must be manually published.
The information about a computer that is a member of the domain.
The information about a domain controller including an Server+ optional description, its Domain Name System (DNS) name, its preMicrosoft Windows 2000 name, the version of the operating system loaded on the domain controller, the location, and who is responsible for managing the domain controller.
Contains other objects, including other OUs. Used to organize Active Directory objects.
Objects are either container objects or leaf objects. A container object stores other objects and occupies a specific level in a subtree hierarchy. A leaf object does not store other objects and occupies the endpoint of a subtree. When you attempt to locate objects in Active Directory, you enter criteria for the system to use in the search. These criteria must be previously included in the properties for the object when the object is created. This is why it is a best practice to complete all attributes that are important to your organization when you create Active Directory objects. The more attributes you include, the greater the flexibility when you search for objects.
A security or distribution group often used to assign permissions to related resources in multiple domains. You can use a universal group to assign permissions to gain access to resources that are located in any domain in the forest. In domains with the domain functional level set to Windows 2000 mixed, universal groups are not available. In domains with the domain functional level set to Windows 2000 native or Windows Server 2003, universal groups can contain a+ exam papers user accounts, computer accounts, global groups, and other universal groups from any domain in the forest.